On July 23, 2001, Amando Doronilla wrote:
The Filipino nation today is less of a nation than it was at the time of it’s embryonic formation in the last years of Spanish colonization.(1)



We are an impoverished people. Those among us who have the skill for the production of food, shelter or to serve the health and transportation needs of the nation either stop practicing it or join the mass exodus outside of the country to serve the needs of other nations. Many medical doctors among us, go to the United States to practice not what was studied for many years, but nursing. Nursing is one of the most honorable and heroic profession but together with Medicine, the supply of it is slowly becoming a shortage here in our country. Teachers among us are going abroad to practice not teaching but serve foreigners as domestic helpers. Domestic helpers are doing a dignified and heroic service to many families but is slowly being lost in our nation for that of others.


Many among us cannot communicate effectively in the Filipino language with fellow Filipinos. Many among us become handicapped in comprehension when reading documents written in Filipino. Many among us are even ashamed not to be able to speak in English even if quite effective in Filipino.

Although majority of us Filipinos have an inherently dark complexion, many among us have a burning desire to whiten our skin. The only explanation for this is that many of us believe that white skin is superior to dark skin. We have associated things Filipino with the inferior and things American and white and lately Chinese, with the superior.

Being of the poor is regarded as a source of shame. Being of the rich is regarded as a source of pride. We consider poverty equals to Filipino equals to inferior. Likewise, we consider prosperity equals to being American and lately, being Chinese equals to being superior.


Today, we are in a biological situation of inferiority. Today, the Americans and Chinese, particularly those who are in control of our defense, economy and our psycho-social development, and their behavior and treatment of us, have been our only points of references (for our language, culture, education, history, military doctrines, definition of friend and enemy, logistics, food supply, construction supplies, economic goals, aspirations and values). Such points of references being probably organic to them have made them the top of the areas of their aspirations and endeavor. The original general American and Chinese characteristics of taking advantage of us Filipinos whom they look down as inferior and perpetuate it thru our weaknesses have already been replicated in many among us who have been made to adopt them as our only points of reference. Such points of references being apparently outside of our own specific biological development frame but which have been transmitted to become our own, have only resulted to an inferior replication in us, of our foreign idols. This explains why many of us today look down on things inherent to us, as inferior. This explains why we have remained impoverished and our defense system perpetually weak and has only Filipinos, registered as its main enemy (our soldiers being basically oriented in counter-insurgency). This explains why we have been perpetually dependent on them. This is already pathological. We have to identify this as an enemy characteristic. We can register this in our psyche as the Heredity Infection Virus.

Our original characteristics have been corrupted. Such characteristics present opportunity for love of our nation to be injured. An injured love for our nation in turn presents opportunity for corruption in a vicious cycle. This is the virus that has been injuring that inheritance fought for with the blood of our fathers. A breakdown of love of nation and defense of its sovereignty is the advanced stage of Heredity Infection Virus. This is already the setting in of the stage of an Alienation Infection and Defilipinization Syndrome.

One of the symptoms of the setting in of the stage of an Alienation Infection, and Defilipinization Syndrome manifested in our generation today, is the collaboration of GMA with the foreign invaders of our nation. This led to the following: the surrendering of our claim to Sabah; the opening of our shores, jungles and military camps in Mindanao to the Americans; the helping of American officials in bolting of a US Marine convicted of raping one our women, out of our Manila City jail; the supporting of American invasion against the Iraqi people with the American alibi of destroying weapons of mass destruction which after many years have not yet been found; the protection of Chinese smugglers, loggers, and rice cartels; the protection of a Chinese owner of a shopping mall destroying economic survival of Filipino retailers in Clark; opening of our Spratly Islands to the Chinese for exploration; and many more acts that lead to our loss of our home our fathers wrestled from foreign invaders with their lives.

There are Americans like Capt David Fagen, Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie and many others who defected on our side or have fought for the rights of nations which their own nation have abused.(2)(3) There are Chinese or Chinese meztizos in the Philippines such as Herman Tiu Laurel, Alejandro Lichauco and Gen Danilo Lim in the Philippines who: came here with legitimate purpose; fought for the cause of our liberation as a Filipino nation-- they are more Filipinos than the collaborator GMA, the congressmen for sale or Filipino mercenaries in the Armed Forces. They are not the enemies referred to in this report.



In the early 16th century, those who were fragmented, who were of many different clans of from 30 to 50 families each under a chief, succumbed to the tide of Spanish colonization. Their villages were separated by mountains and seas and located on hundreds of islands. The Spaniards were few. But among them “were hardened veterans of the European wars”. They were persistent in engaging a long and protracted process of conquering one village after another, for more than a century. From then on, consolidation of the archipelago and the different groups of people in it, all over the islands and the seas composed approximately of what has been known today as the Philippine Archipelagic Baseline began to develop.(4)


The clans of fifty families each, were bonded together and from them, developed a new level of political organ- the pueblos, each of which were under a gobernadorcillo. These were organized into provinces. From these provinces, formed the Filipinas as christened by Spain. It’s umbilical chord was attached to Spain. This was the development of Filipinas, still a colony until the last years of the 19th century.

We became one people under Spain. The conception of our nation with a national feeling, was a product of that developmental intercourse which resulted in the start of formation by a cultural, geographical, biological and socio-psycological bond in the later 16th century. Among the bonds that formed us during that period were: the faith in the one living God and the parish churches; the University of Santo Tomás- a pontifical university under the authority of the Vatican where many of our heroes studied, and also one of the oldest and largest Catholic universities in the world; the wheel and plow; the paper, painting and architecture; the map and the charting of the Philippine baseline; the camote, adobo, pan de sal and the guisado; the Spanish blood in some of our heroes like Andrés Bonifacio who organized an independence movement for us and Fr. José Burgos who upheld our status and rights; the fiesta; and the Philippine national government among others.

In a geographical unit called Las Islas Filipinas during the Spanish rule, only the Spaniards born in the Philippines were called Filipinos. Then on October 1889, a group of ilustrados among us in Paris, signed ourselves as “The Filipinos” in addressing this message “To Our Mother Country, Spain”:
When a people is gagged; when its dignity, honor, and all its liberties are trampled; when it no longer has any legal recourse against the tyranny of it’s oppressors, when its complaints, petitions and groans are not attended to; when it is not permitted even to weep; when even the last hope is wrested from its heart; then. . .! then. . .! then. . .! it has left no other remedy but to take down with delirious hand from the altars the bloody and suicidal dagger of revolution!
In the1890s, we of the different islands in the orient under Spain became of one identity as Filipinos. Our Filipino Nation was conceived.

On one hand, there was the oppression of Spain from which, we wanted to be free. On the other hand, there was the beautiful people and islands we already wanted for our inheritance. Both of these pulling us towards a strong desire for independence.

Andrés Bonifacio organized a movement called Katipunan, which worked towards that independence from Spain. The Katipunan stressed the shared characteristics of Filipino which was birth of one and the same country, people and mother. This was to make us conscious of an identity for the purpose of a cohesive community. It was to be distinct from that of the Spaniards, the Americans nor any of our Asian neighbors. The revolutionary organization was guided by the principles of equality, honor, integrity as well as respect and obedience to legitimate authority. In April 1895 Bonifacio and a band of Katipuneros went to the Montalban hills, initiating some men of the area. Here in the Pamitinan cave they assembled; an indication of their presence is an inscription scratched in charcoal on the walls: "Viva la Independencia de Filipinas!" This was the 'first cry for liberty and independence’ by us Filipinos.

It was in this womb where the embryonic formation of our nation took place. Here, emerged the characteristics and systems of our nation, and it’s identity—Filipino.


This is our point of reference. This is organic to our biological development as a nation. This is our inheritance which makes us equal before the nations of the world. This is our own. This was not granted to us. This is ours by birth right. This is our home!

On June 12, 1898, we proclaimed the independence of the Philippines from Spain. We officially hoisted for the first time the Philippine National Flag as the Marcha Nacional Filipina was being played in public. With budget allocation, we developed our own government, our own constitution, our own defense system, our agricultural system, and our educational system.(14)


We became independent from Spain and become a nation in 1898. Shortly, thereafter, the Americans invaded us. We resisted fiercely with our blood in 1899. From 700,000 to 1,000,000 of us Filipinos died in that war. With a weak physical resistance, the Americans transmitted to us, the Heredity Infection Virus in the form of glorification of that invasion and making us believe in their claim that it was to liberate us from the Spanish colonizers and a help to make us capable of governing our selves. It corrupted our national identity to weaken any reason to resist any foreign invasion. This virus was transmitted to us in the form of the English language, American literature, American History and a whole American culture. They replaced our Academia Militar with an americanized Constabulary Academy. They replaced our organic and responsive constitution of that time. They blocked all of us Filipinos whose moves were related to resistance. They protected and facilitated those who colaborated with the Americans in promoting a constitution, a political development and a development of a whole new generation of Filipinos idolizing the abortionists of our nation, corruptor of our race and rapists of our Filipinas. They developed this corruption of a whole and succeeding generations of Filipinos and a whole pool of political leaders which continued the weakening of our resistance. They developed these pool of political leaders who have been facilitating the deepening of clutches of these American invaders on our defense, political and economic systems.(15)(16)(17)(18)


This is our inheritance from our fathers—Andrés Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, Gen Artemio Ricarte, Gen Antonio Luna, Maj José Torres Bugallon, Gen Vicente Lukban, Macario Sacay and many more died for, to give us our home. Our fathers were not mere reformers for change. Except for Bonifacio who was a revolutionist fighting for independence when we were not yet a nation then, our fathers resisted foreign aggressors who were invading our nation-- already a sovereign nation.

We have not yet been liberated today. The corruption of our race have been replicated from one generation to the next. One symptom of that corruption can be seen in our defense system which have infected many of the soldiers among us. Except for those whom the Americans consider as enemies, many of the Filipino soldiers among us have registered as enemies, only countrymen who are resisting either American control, or their puppet government. Since the time Americans have replaced our organic national development code with their artificial system, never have our brother Filipino soldiers registered as enemies or conceived as potential enemies any foreigner inspite of their having already invaded or occupied us. Even a number of soldiers among us who consider ourselves revolutionaries, have registered as enemies only corrupt countrymen and what is being labelled as a wrong system to which they belong. Indeed, if this is the case, mere reform is needed. This is an internal and political affair best left to the civilians and politicians. It is not the area of professional soldiers mandated to protect the nation against alien invaders and threats to national sovereignty and integrity. But who transmitted to us the system in the first place? Our elder soldiers resisted foreign invaders and their collaborators. Today we are still being invaded by foreigners—the Chinese and the Americans. GMA is collaborating with them.

We now have a basis for the functioning of our defense sytem. Soldiers among us should think about the meaning of our existence and actions:

"Do we exist as autoimmune mercenaries to protect our foreign invaders and kill our brother filipinos who are fighting to recover the inheritance, our elder soldiers sacrificed their lives for? Are we the protectors of snatchers just to follow a constitution conceived under a condition of an Alienation, Infection and Defilipinization Syndrome? Admittedly, this may be convenient for us personally. But this has already destroyed lives of our brothers, our elders, our sisters, our relatives, our friends, the poor Filipinos among us, our children who are looking up to our Filipino Nation as our only home. Are we willing to be a perpetually sick nation? Or are we, soldiers among us, the big brother of our Filipino people who can be depended upon as protectors in this struggle to liberate our home from these foreign invaders and their infected collaborators? Are we, soldiers among us, willing to give our lives, so that this home, our elder warriors have given their lives for, can be finally a home for all of us Filipinos?"

José Miguel García
1. MARTINEZ, D. C., 2002, ‘A Country Of Our Own’, Center for World Indigenous Studies,
DayKeeper Press, PMB 214, 1001
Cooper PT RD SW 140 Olympia, Washington 98502, USA, 26; DORONILLA, A., July 24, 2001, ‘THE State of the RP State”,
Philippine Daily Inquirer Online [Inq7], at http://www.inq7.net.
2. BOEHRINGER, Gill H., A Magnificent Seven and an Unknown Soldier: Black American Anti-Imperialist Fighters in the
Philippine-American War, Contributed to Bulatlat, Vol. VIII, No. 12, April 27-May 3, 2008, http://www.bulatlat.com/2008/04/magnificent-seven-and-unknown-soldier-black-american-anti-imperialist-fighters-philippine-am
3. BENDER, Stephen, Recalling the Anti-Imperialist League, January 13, 2005, http://www.antiwar.com
4. CORPUS, O.D., 1989, ‘The Roots of the Filipino Nation, Vol. I.’, Quezon City, Philippines: Aklahi foundation, Inc., x, xi.
5. CORPUS, O.D., 1989, ‘The Roots of the Filipino Nation, Vol. I.’, Quezon City, Philippines: Aklahi foundation, Inc., xi.
6. JOAQUIN, Nick, “Culture and History”, Pasig City, 1988
7. Agoncillo, T.A., 1990, ‘History of the Filipino People’, Quezon City: Garothech Publishing. 115, 40.
8. Alave, Kristine, L., Pope Invited to 400th Year Fete of UST, Philippine Daily Inquirer, First Posted 01:11:00 06/08/20
9. Serrano, Leopoldo R. "Mga Pangyayari sa Buhay ni Andres Bonifacio." Historical Bulletin 4.3 (September 1960 [1958]):
10. OCAMPO, Ambeth R. "Andres Bonifacio: Old Questions and New Answers." Bones of Contention: The Bonifacio Lectures.
Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc., 2001. 76-98.
11. AGONCILLO, Teodoro A. 1990. History of the Filipino People. Garothech Publishing, 117 2nd St., Bitoon Circle, Barangay
Commonwealth, Quezon City. 40, 102, 115.
12. CONSTANTINO, Renato. 1977. Insight & Foresight. Foundation for Nationalist Studies, Quezon City. 75.
13. Corpuz, O. D., The Roots of the Filipino Nation, Vol. II. Quezon City: AKLAHI Foundation, Inc., 1989, p. 214
14. Agoncillo, Teodoro A. 1990. History of the Filipino People. Quezon City: Garothech Publishing, p. 200-201
15. Beede, Benjamin R., The War of 1898 and U.S. Interventions, 1898-1934: An Encyclopedia, Published by Taylor &
Francis, 1994, p. 271
16. AGONCILLO, Teodoro A. 1990. History of the Filipino People. Quezon City: Garothech Publishing, 228-230
17. GRAY, Heather, Resistance to US Military Occupation: The Case of the Philippines, CommonDreams.org, November 17, 2003, http://www.commondreams.org/
18. AGONCILLO, Teodoro A. 1990. History of the Filipino People. Quezon City: Garothech Publishing, p. 382


Anonymous said...

I don't know what happened to my previous comments, let me congratulate you on your blog - very sharp observations and well researched artcles. I appreciate your visits to my amateurish website. I've added your site on my list.

josé miguel said...

Amateurish website? I think your posts have provided us Filipinos a vision for our nation worth pursuing.

jlg said...

José Miguel...
Solo una apreciación....Filipinas NO fue una colonia de España, era una provincia de ultramar.....los Filipinos eran ciudadanos españoles, igual que un catalán, un basco, un cubano, un puertoriqueño o un madrileño...

Muy buen artículo

josé miguel said...

No tengo información que las Filipinas fue considerado por España, una provincia de ultramar. Me gusta a ver los documentos aunque me comprendo y hablo Español muy poco. Tal vez ay los documentos aqui en Filipinas pero en Español y en nuestros Archivos Nacionales. Me interesado a aprender la lengua de nuestros heroes como Andrés Bonifacio y Antonio Luna pero no tengo oportunidad.

Gracias por tu apreciación jlg.

jlg said...

Estimado amigo José Miguel
Si preguntas al Profesor Guillermo Gómez Cabrera estoy seguro que él podrá enseñarte la documentación que indica que Filipinas era una provincia de Ultramar.
El Profesor Gómez es un buen conocedor e historiador Filipino. Es la persona detrás de "filhispanico.blogspot.com"
Muchas veces el problema para los Filipinos de hoy en día es que los documentos históricos que prueban las manipulaciones yankees y la verdadera historia de Filipinas estás escritos en español y la población no conoce el español. The american brainwash has done an enormous damage to Filipinos..