Was the revolution started by Andrés Bonifacio for filipinas to become independent from Spain which paved the way for the birth of our nation- Filipinas not finished? From a colonial status to national status, was that revolution not finished? Did this not pave the way for our constitution, our academia militar and a new identity- a nation?
This was the basis why our republican army, our newly developed defense system lead by Gen Ricarte, Gen Luna, and other filipino generals defended Filipinas with their blood- our blood. It was a nation defending an invading foreigner. It was a defender versus an aggressor. It was that clear and simple. For those among us who have a clear concept of nationhood, no foreign aggression is ever justified.
When the north americans came, in 1898, they pretended to be part of that revolution by projecting an image of a midwife helping us to be separated from Spain until we were born as an independent nation. They further pretended to have been protecting us, and nurturing us towards maturation.
This north american deception was what led Aguinaldo to a confusion. And lacking in proper education, he did not have any concept of nation. He could not distinguish our former status- a colony before 1898, from that of the new one- a nation after 1898, he could not see the north americans stepping into our territory as already that of foreigners trespassing. He thought that the north americans were just another colonizer taking over the status of the former colonizer which was Spain. And to him, the issue was, whether the north americans whom in his perception is the new colonizer, is a good or bad colonizer merely colonizing separate tribes and petty kingdoms just like the inhabitants of what is now the present Philippine Archipelago in the 16th century.
This accounts for the situation handling conflict between Aguinaldo, of mediocre education and intelligence and Luna of excellent educational background and high intelligence.
Our status after 1898 was already that of a nation. The north americans or any foreigner stepping into our shores without our properly allowing them automatically assume the invader or aggressor status. When we fought them, our status already became that of the defender. We did not remain revolutionaries or insurgents as if the invaders we were fighting were not foreigners but established authority, and our conflict have been merely internal.
We have to breach this strong wall our invaders until today have been building around us which for decades have castrated our soldiers into never developing beyond counterinsurgency capable who have been merely auxilliaries of United States Armed Forces. We have to breach this strong wall separating us from our inherited nation and being disintegrated to behave individually for the benefit of our foreign invaders. After we have started the breach, we can start behaving as a nation with our own problems to settle among ourselves, organic needs we need to address, and a destiny to pursue.
José Miguel García